Risk management system

Sovcomflot Group pays particular attention to risk management issues. Management and employees of all levels are responsible for establishing and operating a risk management system.

Risk management is one of the functions of the Audit Committee under the Board of Directors of the Company. The committees set up by the Executive Board of the Company (Freight Committee, Investment Committee, Finance Committee, Technical Policy Committee — Technical Council, etc.) also carry out risk management within their respective competence.

Main functions and tasks of key participants in the risk management system

Risk management is carried out in accordance with the Regulations on the PAO Sovcomflot Risk Management System (the "RMS Regulations"). The document was developed in accordance with the Corporate Governance Code of the Russian FederationApproved by Bank of Russia Letter No. 06-52/2463 dated 10 April 2014.and Guidelines for Preparing Regulations on the Risk Management SystemApproved by Russian Government Order No. ISh-P13-4148 dated 24 June 2015.. The RMS Regulations were approved by the PAO Sovcomflot Board of Directors in November 2015Minutes of the Board of Directors No. 149 dated 13 November 2015..

The RMS Regulations constitute a fundamental framework defining the tasks and objectives of the risk management system, the main principles of its operation, the structure of the risk management system, the allocation of responsibility between the parties involved and nature of their interaction, and the general approach to the organisation of the risk management system.

Pursuant to the RMS Regulations, the main purpose of the RMS is to create conditions for achieving the Company’s strategic and operating objectives and goals through regular identification, analysis and assessment of risks, development and implementation of measures to manage risks and maintain the risk level within limits acceptable for management and shareholders.

The results of work carried out at PAO Sovcomflot in 2018 within the risk management system were submitted for consideration to the management of PAO SovcomflotMinutes No. 54(944) of the Executive Board meeting dated 11-12 December 2018.. The 2018 report on the risk management system is planned to be submitted for consideration to the management and supervisory bodies of PAO Sovcomflot in 2019.

In accordance with the RMS Regulations, the Strategic Planning and Development Department is in charge of coordinating risk management activities. A description of key participants in the risk management system and their main responsibilities is provided in the table above.

Further development and improvement of the risk management system is based on the provisions set out in the COSO Enterprise Management — Integrated Framework, ISO 31000:2009 Risk management — Principles and guidelines, and ISO 31010:2009 Risk management — Risk assessment techniques.

Key risks

The Group has created and regularly updates a register of risks that can have a significant impact on its operations. Risks are ranked by priority.

A list of key risks in provided in Annex 2 to this Annual Report.

In addition, the Company is implementing regular and one-time activities designed to prevent or minimise the likelihood of risks materialising. Such activities include: maintaining high navigation safety standards, monitoring global freight markets, building and deploying state-of-the-art vessels and renewing the fleet in a timely manner, planning and implementing required environmental measures, monitoring amendments to shipping industry regulations, and improving HR policies.

The implemented risk management measures together with a proactive response to emerging threats enabled the Group to minimise their impact on operations during the reporting period.